Skip to main content

Full text of "Foreign crops and markets"

See other formats


Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices 




FOREIGN CROPS AND 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICu 



BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 



ISSUED WEEKLY BY 




/ 



WASHINGTON. D. C. 



Vol. 36 



June 11, 1938 



No. 23 



LATE CABLES. . . 



France areas sown to grains up to May 1, 1938, 
reported as follows, with 1937 comparisons in paren- 
theses: Wheat 12,502,000 acres (12,736,000), rye 
1,639,000 (1,639,000), barley 1,835,000 (1,756,000), 
oats 8,066,000 acres (7,908,000). (International Insti- 
tute of Agriculture, Rome.) 

Czechoslovakia 1938 acreages sown to specified 
crops estimated as follows, with 1937 comparisons in 
parentheses: Spring barley 1,654,000 acres (1,643,000), 
potatoes 1,920,000 (1,913,000), sugar beets 417,000 
acres (448,000). (International Institute of Agricul- 
ture, Rome . ) 



Sydney, Australia, wool sales closed June 9 with 
good competition. Chief buyers were from Japan and 
continental Europe, with Yorkshire giving only limited 
support. Compared with the' opening of this series of 
sales on May 23, prices were par to 5 percent lower. 
(Agricultural Attache C. C. Taylor, London.) 



^ r c 

n a ca 



n 3 pi 
K -a 
>-} 

o 

> 

zn > 

tz o 

VZ. t-i 

o o 
o tr 
cr 

o 



IN THIS ISSUE... 

United States agricultural trade, July-April 1937-38, page 345. 



342 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



Argenti ne grain-crop conditions 

The harvesting of the 1937-38 Argentine corn crop is well advanced 
but has gone forward under unfavorable conditions as a result of excessive 
moisture, it was reported "by cable from the International Institute of 
Agriculture at Rome. The second official estimate of 178,927,000 bushels 
from 7,388,000 acres harvested is one of the smallest crops of recent 
years and is said to be poor in quality. The rainfall which caused much 
of its deterioration, however, has made soil conditions favorable for the 
sowing of small grains. Wheat seeding in the Province of Buenos Aires 
for the 1938-39 crop is nearing completion, and germination in early sown 
fields is very satisfactory. The cereal and flaxseed crops are considered 
to be in excellent condition. 

Italy increases flour admi xture 

With prospects for the 1938 wheat crop the poorest in many years, 
the Italian authorities have recently increased the percentage of substi- 
tutes to be added to wheat flour, according to press reports* Beginning 
November 1, 1937, all flour for bread making had to contain 5 percent of 
ground corn (see Foreign Crops and Markets, November 13, 1937). On De- 
cember 1, the percentage was increased to 10 percent* At present 20 
percent of the wheat flour for bread making must consist of a substitute. 
Bedause of the short corn crop last season, rice and potato flours are 
utilized to some extent for this purpose. 

Canadi an crop condit i ons better than year ago 

Condition figures for Canadian field crops as of May 31, received 
by telegram from the Dominion Bureau of Statistics at Ottawa, show a 
ma.rked improvement over last year for all grain crops except winter wheat, 
and all were near normal. The moisture situation has been more nearly 
normal this year in the Prairie Provinces and the grass-plains area, 
which were so adversely affected by drought in 1937. As a result, spring 
wheat and coarse grains are in considerably better condition this season. 
In the Maritime Provinces, however, another late season has been ex- 
perienced, and spring sowings have been delayed. 

The condition of forage crops on May 31 in Nova Scotia and 
Prince Edward Island was not so good as on the corresponding date last 
year. In western Canada, however, and in the Provinces of Ontario and 
Quebec the condition was considerably better, since the past winter was 
not an open one and winter-killing was not so ma.rked as last season. 
(See table of condition figures, page 357.) 

After a late start in the Maritime Province and Quebec, because 
of the cold and wet weather experienced during the greater part of May, 



June 11, 1938 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



343 



field work and seeding advanced rapidly and wore almost completed on 
June 7. Conditions were almost normal for the time of year, and the 
season was advanced in Ontario, where most field work was completed 
earlier than usual. Crop conditions continued fairly satisfactory in 
the prairie Provinces; most of the wheat was up and the seeding of 
coarse grains practically finished. Lack of precipitation during the 
week ended June 7 caused some concern, hut crops made good progress in 
spite of the need for general rains. Crops in British Columbia were 
in excellent condition up to the end of May hut were beginning to 6how 
the effects of dry weather experienced during late May and the first 
we ek of June . 

British barley prospects favor imports 

The driest spring in many years has delayed development of the 
English barley crop, according to Agricultural Attache C. C. Taylor 
at London. By mid-May, a relatively thin stand was in prospect. A 
fairly good yield, however, would still be possible under favorable 
weather conditions. Acreage is expected not to show much increa.se 
over that of 1937. Barley prices were exceptionally high during the 
pa.st winter, but the marked increase in winter-wheat acreage reduced the 
area available for spring-grain crops. The total 1938 British barley 
acreage is about 900,000 acres, according to present indications, compared 
with 823,000 acres in 1937. With average yields, a crop of about 720,000 
long tons might be expected. The 1936 crop reached 663,000 tons (30,940,000 
bushels), while that of 1937 was 575,000 tons (26,880,000 bushels). 

Brewers' requirements for malting barley continue to increase. 
It is reported that the 1937 crop of English barley has been so com- 
pletely utilised as to hinder the filling of malt orders at acceptable 
prices. Farm stocks in England and Wales as of April 1, 1938, amounted 
to only 38,000 tons, the smallest figure for the 13 years of record, and 
only about half the size of the corresponding 1937 figuro. The result- 
ing increased requirement for foreign malting barley suggests that 
nearly 250,000 tons of imported grain will be used in the season July- 
June 1937-38 compared with 193,000 tons in 1936-37, disregarding 
carry-over figures. 

Imports of United States barley, chiefly of malting grade, reached 
140,000 tons in the period July- April 1937-38, against a 12-month 1933-37 
total of 106,000 tons. The 1935-36 figure of 170,000 tons was unusually 
large. Relatively small amounts of Chilean malting barley also have been 
received this year, and unusually large quantities of barley have been 
imported from Australia and Canada. A small amount of such barley, how- 
ever, has been used by brewers. Most of the Canadian barley has been 
taken by Scottish distillers. Total barley imports this year are sub- 
stantially larger than those of 1936-37. 



344 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



European fruit crop prospects 

Early reports of frost damage to fruit in Europe are "borne out by 
official reports transmitted by the London office of the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. An idea of the probable size of crops in England can 
be gained from the condition figures in the most important producing dis- 
tricts. Condition of early cooking varieties of apples is placed at 25 
against 51 at this time last year. The most important winter cooking 
apple, Bramley 1 s Seedling, is rated 10 compared with 43 last season; 
Worcester Pearmain prospects are considerably better at 41 compared with 
61. Cox's Orange Pippin, the favorite dessert apple, is estimated at 21 
against 56 last season. The Conference variety of pear is listed at 15 
compared with 65 and Fertility 15 to 20 against 63 last season. Other 
varieties of pears range from 10 to 12 compared with 50 in 1937. The Czar 
plum condition is 23 compared with 65 and Victoria plums 10 against 67 
last year. The condition of cherries is 34 against 60 in 1937. The av- 
erage condition of bush fruit is 34 compared with 73. At the time these 
condition figures were released on June 1, however, England was being 
swept by a series of gales that reached a velocity of 100 miles per hour 
and did further damage to the fruit crops. 

The latest reports from the Continent show no improvement in crop 
prospects for apples, pears, and plums. Small crops are expected. 

United States apple exports maintained during April 

Exports of apples from the United States continued large through- 
out April. The total for the 10 months of this season, July through April, 
is 10,270,000 bushels compared with the 12-month total for last season of 
only 6,575,000 bushels. Although this season is almost completed, shipments 
during the last 2 months, principally to Canada, should bring the total for 
the 1937-38 season, July through June, to about 11,000,000 bushels. 

British frozen-pork import quota increased 

The British Board of Trade has recently announced that the fresh 
pork import quota to the United States for the third quarter of 1938 will 
be 33,263 hundredweight (3,725,456 pounds), of which the usual 2,300 
hundredweight (257,600 pounds) may be imported for curing in the United 
Kingdom, as reported by Agricultural Attache C. C. Taylor at London. 
The total allocation for the quarter represents an increase of 31 per- 
cent over the allocation for the comparable quarter of 1937. The quan- 
tities allotted to the United States for the first two quarters also 
exceeded the 1937 allotments, for the first quarter by 46 percent and 
for the second by 43 percent. The total quantity of fresh pork permitted 
entry into the United Kingdom from the United States for the January 1 - 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



345 



September 30 period of 1938 will be 14,477,792 pounds against 10,253,904 
pounds for the sane period a year earlier and 15,179,920 pounds for each 
of the entire years 1935, 1936, and 1937. 



UNITED STATES AGRICULTURAL TRADE, JULY-APRIL 1937-38 

The gain in United States exports of farm products, which has "been 
in evidence during the current fiscal year, continued through April. From 
July 1, 1937, to April 30, 1938, the value of United States exports of farm 
products exceeded the value in the comparable months of 1936-37 "by 128 
million dollars, or 20 percent. The corresponding gain in volume was 36 
percent . 

The decline in agricultural imports, which began in the closing 
months of 1937, has become even more pronounced in recent months. Imports 
during the July-April period of 1937-38 showed a decline of 217 million 
dollars, or 18 percent, from the corresponding months of last year. The 
major part cf this decline took place in competitive agricultural imports, 
which were 155 million dollars, or 25 percent, below those cf last year. 



UNITED STATES: Foreign trade in agricultural 
July- April, 1936-37 and 1937-38 



products , 



Item 



r uly-April 



1936-37 



1937-36 



Percentage 
of change 



Exports, total agricultural.... 



Imports, total 

Principal competitive 

Principal non-competitive. . . . 



Million 
dollars 
646 

1,230 
619 
537 



Million 
d ollars 
774 ' 

1,013 
464 
492 



P ercent 
+ 20 

-18 
-25 
-8 



Compiled from official records of the Eureau of Foreign and Domestic Com- 
merce. 



The larger crops of last summer and fall have resulted in a higher 
level of experts in nearly all of the important commodity groups. Exports 
of beef and beef products, and certain fruits, however , have been somewhat 
below the 1936-37 levels. The decline in imports likewise extended to most 
of the major commodity groups, although imports of a few commodities princi- 
pally certain types of cattle and meats, tobacco, and certain of the vege- 
table oils and oilseeds, were somewhat larger during the July-April period 
this year than during the comparable 10 months of last year. 

Specified commodities, in which major gains in exports and declines 
in imports took place, are given in the following table: 



346 



Foreign. Crops and Markets 



UNITED STATES AGRICULTURAL TRADE , JULY-APRIL 1937-38, CONT'D 



UNITED STATES: Gain in exports and decline in imports of specified products, 
July-Ap ril. 1937-38 as corn-pared with 1936-37 



Commodity 



Unit 



July- April 
1937-38 
gain 
in exports 
over 
1936-37 



Commodity 



Unit 



July-April 
1937-38 
decrease 

in imports 
under 
1936-37 



Millions 





1 Lb. ; 


72.3 




:Eale \ 


.4 


Apples, fresh... 


• Bu. : 


3.7 


Prunes , dried. . . 


: Lb. : 


38.3 




; Lb. ': 


26.7 




.; Bu. ; 


9.1 




; bu. ; 


64.3 




: Bu. : 


9.0 




: Bu. : 


5.8 


Wheat and flour. 


; Bu. : 


65.2 


Tobacco , leaf. . . 


; Lb. : 


58.5 




; Lb. : 


40.0 



Cottonseed oil cake and meal. 
Linseed oil cake and meal.... 
Soybean oil cake and meal.... 

Barley 

Barley malt 

Corn 

Wheat and flour 

Cottonseed oil 

Molasses 

Beans, dried 

Potatoes 

Wool, dutiable 



Millions 



Lb. 


41.9 


, Lb. 


30.5 


Lb. 


31.9 


Bu. 


12.8 


Lb. 


• 200 . 4 


Bu. 


; 21.2 


Bu. 


; 40.3 


Lb. 


75.5 


Gal. 


; 51 . 3 


Lb. 


: 33.3 


Lb. 


37.4 


Lb. 


; 115.4 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 



UNITED STATES: Exports of principal agricultural products, 
July-April 1936-37 and 1937-38 



July-April a/ 



Commodity exported 


Unit : 


Quantity 


Value 






1936-37 


1937-38 


1936-37 : 


1937-38 










1,000 : 


1,000 


ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS: 




Thousands: Thousands 


dollars ; 


dollars 


Animals, live; : 










! 




No. 


4 : 


3 


306 


350 




No. 


v i 


V 


8 


10 | 




No. 


3 : 


1 


535 


437 




No. 


i ; 


2 


: 172 


356 


Dairy products: 














Lb. 


714 


617 


245 


232 


Cheese- 












Processed cheese & spreads.. 


Lb. 


c/ 169 


568 


:c/ 40 


132 




; Lb. 


d/ 761 


532 


id/ 188 


1 125 




| Lb. 


; 930 


1,100 


228 


: 257 


Milk- 














i Gal . 


; 55 


50 


47 


i 41 \ 




; Lb. 


: 1,545 


7,337 


i 180 


892 




• Lb. 


3,087 


4,608 


661 


: 944 


Evaporated 


' Lb. 


18,853 


19,021 


: 1,407 


; 1,387 



flontinnp.fi _ 



June 11, 1938 Eoreig 


n Crops 


and Markets 




347 


UNITED STATES: Exports 


of Pri 


ncipal agricultural 


products 




July-April 1935-37 and 1937-38 


- Continued 










•July-April a/ 




Commoditv pXTinTh pfl 


TTm' t 
U-1X 1/ 


OnaTi'titv 


Value 




X.; i30— i3 r 


1 Q T7_TR 
. .xiv o ' — co 






ANIMALS ATvT) ANTRAL PPHTITTHT^ PfiWP 1 "n 










i nnn 


Tin 1 TV TlTTi/l'npf c r* r\y\ ± A m i • 

X/ca X ± ^/l 'J l/bj UUI. v 1 1 .Lie Ci. , 










^ nl 1 t* c 


x m rait o a iuous , ju^j. u€(x, Gtu . • • 


T Vi 

LD , 




2 9^2 


725 


P9f) 


IT. C "i v- 4- Vi a crVriin 


Doz * 






462 




M 0*^"f"C O r n f -r-\ y ^ A -\ r* lr «-« • 












\* -L ci.- v- V La>l 














T Vi 


3,640 


3,190 


oy 1 


DoO 




Lt . 


7,081 


4 , 888 


594 


Ann 


Canned "beef, incl. corned. . . 


Lb. 


9 TA£ 


9 ri9£ 


71 A 


719 


Total Deer and veal 


Lb. 


13, j67 


10,104 


t on n 
1 , 5^9 


1 , <49 


rui .re- 














Lb. 


3,337 


5,913 


562 


927 




Lt. 


3, 312 


4, 121 


584 


655 




Lb. 


0<0 , vJO f 


oc , 0 r 1 


D , I 


7 oi CC 

r , ooy 


sides, Curiber, & Wiltshire.. 


Lb, 


302 


40 


46 


7 




T Vi 

LD. 


T> E ~ O 

r , ooc 


o c t 

o , o53 


o a c 

o65 


n nor? 

1 ,087 




Ld. 


6,914 


f /TO 

6,418 


2,321 


2,392 




Ld. 


53,504 


61 ,916 


11,123 


12 , 43? 


1 r n ^ ^ a n o ^ /-I "1 « „ V, 


Ld. 


ACT 




Q 9 


CO 




Lb. 


l , i r y 


1 , OOh: 


ore 
ODiD 


01/ ^ 
0*3:0 


Spti ^a^p— 










Lb . 


1 , OOD 


1 , 00d 


3ol 


300 


fYhln pt can cojyo 


T "K 

Lt , 




1 , 01 f 


Oil 


231 












FfPCrl tT A7pri /~\Y* r» n v 

x * o oil , ii U^cli j O x OLLI cd « . c • 


T V 

Lb, 


X O , Dec 




9 t 


1 , GDI 


Canned, incl ■ canned 




Doultry a 


TV 


^ , ioy 


1 , ot>,5 


TtO 


<d4rO 




Lt. 




op 7£fl 


ID, ^Uu 


1 7 PA7 


Meat OXl.TPfh q <£■ Pnni 1 Inn mi Vine. 
m - • * ^ \sa \j x o o OC u U U.X X X Oil CLLueS 


T V 

LD . 


65 


46 


119 


87 


Sausage casings . . . 




21,294 


19 ,432 


4,443 


4,596 


Gils and fats, aninal; 








Lard, including neutral 


Lt. 


80,261 


152,581 


9,932 


15,868 


Oleo oil 


Lt. 


5,846 


5,004 


608 


577 


Oleo stock 


Lt. 


2,741 


2,214 


276 


248 


Stearins and fatty acids 


Lt . 


1,939 


1,080 


168 


102 




Lt. 


1,075 


1,002 


77 


83 


Other aninal oils and fats ... 


Lt. 


6,353 


3,702 


523 


346 


Total oils and fats 


Lt. 


96,215 


155,563 


11,634 


17,226 


veritable pbaducis: 












Cotton, Unnfc: (Bales of 500 Vh.) 












i Haw, except linters 


Bale 


5,147 


5,508 


334,296 


265,801 


Linters 


Bale 


287 


316 


7,020 


6,073 



Continued - 



348 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



UNITED STATES: Exports of principal agricultural products, 
July-April 1936-37 and 1937-38 - Continued 



Commodity exported 



July-April a/ 



Uni t 


Quantity 


. Value 






X C7 O i OU 


1 Q7A-37 

-L l/uU O f 










1,000 


1,000 




Thousands 




dPllaxs. 


dollars 


Bskt. 


205 


694 


390 


1 , 191 


isox 


5,065 


6,923 


7,922 


8,695 


Bbl. 


445 


884 


1,858 


3,492 


Lb. 


20,341 


20,561 


1,910 


1,661 


Lb. 


27,762 


26,217 


3,468 


2, 837 


Box 


595 


575 


• 1,278 


1,160 


Box 


2,549 


3,495 


' 7,913 


7,846 


Lb. 


130,891 


134,180 


4,855 


5,005 


Lb. 


145,811 


184,150 


7,730 


8,044 


Lb. 


102. 382 


129, 115 


5, 535 


7,009 


Lb. 


245,043 


226, 127 


18,231 


17,858 


Lb . 


1, 725 


2, 677 


330 


40 r 


Lb. 


12,035 


10, 081 


1, 202 


1, 024 


Bu. 


5,003 


14,054 


3,905 


■ 9,783 


Bu. 


1 


379 


2 


282 


Bu. 


224 


64,517 . 


311 


44, 150 


-DDI . 


A A 
...P.P 




PQft 
or? o 


3ftft 

ooo 


■Rn 


489 


65, <d39 


609 


A A C7S3 

44, Ooo 


-DU . 


^4 


143 


lol 


OA A 


Tin 

-DU. 




Q 7 AQ 


1 P^A 




Lb. 


5,080 


15,696 


109 


415 


Lb. 


37, 930 


232, 976 


1 , <c<ol 


f , Uol 


Lb . 


196 


485 


5 


lo 


Bu. 


4 


5, 790 


5 


4, oY4 


"D"U T 

Bbl . 

D UX . 


1 , 039 

o . <oU ( 


r> p, n r- 

2 , 765 

X . OOX 


5, 1 r 6 

XX , C700 


n 17 cn Q 

lo, yio 

ft PP4- 


■D DX . 


3,246 


4,096 


17,109 


22,142 


Bu. 


2,003 


63.164 


2,034 


68,001 


Bu. 


17,260 


82,416 


19,143 


90,143 


L. ton 


4 


71 


134 


1,992 


L . ton 


186 


227 


5,631 


7,043 


Lb. 


1,749 


1,845 


129 


125 


Lb. 


6,164 


6,446 


348 


314 


Lb. 


189 


2,633 


21 


169 


Lb. 


2,282 


4,666 


281 


365 


Lb. 


650 


194 


60 


23 


Lb. 


893 


644 


93 


72 



VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, CONTINUED: • 

Fruits : \ 

Apples in baskets ■ 

Apples in boxes j 

Apples in barrels ! 

Apples, dried ! 

Apricots, dried : 

Grapefruit j 

Oranges • 

Pears, fresh j 

Prunes, dried : 

Raisins .' 

Fruits, canned i 

Nuts: j 

Pecans '. 

Walnuts : 

Grains, flour and meal: • 

Barley, grain (48 lb.) j 

Buckwheat, grain (48 lb.) I 

Corn, grain (56 lb.) ; 

Cornmeal (196 lb. ) \ 

Corn, incl. cornmeal (56 lb) ; 

Malt (34 lb. ) ; 

Oats, including oatmeal (32 lb.)! 
Rice- : 

Paddy or rough : 

Milled, incl. brown : 

Screenings, broken, flour , etc . ; 

Rye, grain (56 lb. ) j 

Wheat flour- (196 lb.) j 

Wholly from U.S. wheat j 

Other wheat flour ! 

Total wheat flour i 

Wheat, grain (60 lb.) • 

Wheat, including flour • 

Cottonseed cake and meal • 

Linseed cake and meal ■ 

Oils, vegetable: i 

Coconut oil, edible ; 

Coconut oil, inedible ; 

Cottonseed oil, crude j 

Cottonseed oil, refined | 

Corn oil j 

Linseed oil ' 



Continued - 



June 11, 1938 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



349 



UNITED STATES : Exports of principal agricultural products, 
July-April 1936-37 and 1937-38 - Continued 



July- April a/ 



Commodity exported 


Unit 


Quantity 


Value 




1936-37 


1937-38 


; 1936-37 


. 1937-38 


VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, CONTINUED: • 










' 1 , 000 


: 1,000- 


Oils, vegetable, continued: 




Thnn sands 


•' Thousands 


1 dollars 


: dollars 


Sovbean oil . . . . ' 


Lb. 


3 953 


! 

O j 


*±x c 


304 


• 442 


Vegetable ^oaT ^took 


Lb. 


3 3 022 


o 

O , 




718 


. 582 


Sovb eaji 


Lb . 


c/ 37 


79, 


499 


c/ 2 


j 1 , 509 


Su**ar (2 000 lb ) . . 


Ton 






49 


? 6^7 


2 198 


Tobacco leaf: : 














Bright flue-cured ; 


Lb. 


274,521 


339, 


457 


106,919 


127,981 




Lb. 


8, 699 


9, 


391 


1,961 


2,267 


Dark-fired Ky. & Tennessee 


Lb. 


35 044 


32, 


998 


4, 564 


4,785 


Dark Vir^iria • 


Lb. 


8,961 


7, 


046 


2,084 


1,801 


Maryland and Ohio export ■ 


Lb. 


4, 648 


3, 


437 


872 


1,020 




Lb. 


2, 692 


2, 


328 


508 


587 




Lb. 


565 




226 


59 


24 


Black fat, water baler, & dk.Af.; 


Lb. 


8,418 


6, 


398 


1,537 


1,269 




Lb. 


439 


1, 


170 


271 


663 




Lb. 


146 




102 


49 


49 




Lb. 


344,133 


402, 


553 


118, S24 


140,446 


Tobacco, other than leaf: : 




c/ 782 






c/ 20 






Lb. 




538 


18 




Lb. ' 


e/18,833 


13, 


633 


e/ 597 


260 




Lb. 


19 . 615 




171 ' 


617 


278 


Vegetables: ' 














Beans, green (incl. snap beans); 


Lb. 


2, 832 


3, 


233: 


156 


194 




Lb. 


3,201 > 


6, 


463: 


167 ' 


267 




Lb. 


34 T75 


40, 


097 j 


559 • 


840 


Peas, green '< 


Lb. 


1 020 


1, 


280 j 


62 i 


80 


Peas, dried : 


Lb. 


7 711 ' 


9. 


004: 


290 


292 


Peppers : 


Lb. 


339 i 




428: 


20 : 


27 




Lb. 


62, 532 


102, 


578: 


1,182 


1,191 




Lb. 


6,416 ; 


7, 


745: 


254 


294 




Lb. 


31,283 ' 


38, 


348: 


3,079 


3,407 


Misc. vegetable products: 














Lb. 


27,648 . 


94 


418 j 


1,008 j 


2,385 




Lb. 


20,739 


31 


916: 


664 : 


936 




Lb. 


2,664 : 


5, 


315: 


1,085 : 


911 




Lb . ; 


4.185 


4 


354: 


1,720 1 


1,292 


TOTAL PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL PROD; 








607,924 : 


732,765 


TOTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS i 










645,836 : 


774,190 


TOTAL EXPORTS. ALL COMMODITIES 










2,249,318 13,875,712 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
a/ Corrected to June 2, 1938. b/ Less than 500. 0/ 4 months -(January -April ) . 
Not separately classified prior to January 1, 1937. d/ Includes "Processed 
cheese" prior to January 1, 1937. e/ Includes "Trimmings and scrap" prior to 
January 1, 1937. 



350 



Foreign Crops and Markets Vol. 36, No. 23 



UNITED STATES: 



Imports (for con sump t 
July-April 



ion) of principal ' agricultural products, 
1936-37 and 1937-38 



Commodity imported 

competitive"-. 



ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS : 
Animals, live : 

Cattle, dutiable ("by weights- 
Less than 175 pounds each.... 
175 pounds to 700 pounds each 
700 pounds or more, each- 
Cows for dairy purposes 
Other cattle. . . 

Total cattle (dutiabl. 
Cattle, free (for breeding) 
Hogs (except for breeding) 

Horses 

Dairy pro ducts: 

Butter 

Casein 

Cheese- 
Swiss 

Cheddar. 

Other cheese 

Total cheese. . . 

Cream 

Milk- 
Condensed and evaporated 

Dried and malted 

Whole, skimmed, and buttermill 
Eggs and egg products : 
Eggs, in the shell.... 
Eggs, whole, dried.... 

Albumen, dried 

Yolks , dried 

Eggs, whole, drozen, e 
Albumen, frozen, etc. 
Yolks, frozen, etc.... 
Hides and skins, agricultural C/ 
Meats and meat products : 
Beef and veal- 
Fresh 

Pickled or cured 

Canned, incl. corned 

Mutton and lamb, fresh. 

Pork- 
Fresh 

Hams, shoulders, and bacon... 
Pickled, salted, and other... 



/ 



Unit 



July - April a/ 



Quantity 



1935-37 



1937-38 





Thousands ; 


Thousands 


dollars 


dollars 


No . 


<j± 


A A 






No. 


153 


202 


1 , 984 


2,842 


No. 


6 


5 


320 


352 




107 • 


■ 1 1 3 


5.53R 


6 , 31 3 


No. 


317 


364 • 


8,612 


10.203 


i\! 0 • 


.1 n 


0 
~> 




ROQ 


T,"h 


x u , fit 


i_> , 000 


1 7Q7 






13 


7 


1,824 


1,257 


T ,b 


1 4 1 54- 


? 356 


^ 061 


594 


JUi 


i h 66^ 




1 (V-5 


94 


T."h 


fl 676 


1 1 m p, 


? 320 


? 606 

Cj 9 uuu 


Lb. 


9,210 


• 2,685 


1,310 


426 


Lb. 


39 4 041 


■ 33 , 247 


8,112 


8,796 


Lb. 


56,927 


; .46 , 948 


11,742 


11,828 


Gal. 


59 


! . 84 


89 


127 


Lb. 


1,931 


! 992 ' 


90 


52 1 


Lb. 


12,559 


: 222 


686 


29 j 


Gal. 


44 


: 13 


10 


3 I 


Doz. 


513 


; . .224 


86 


47 1 


Lb. 


597 


: . 348 


177 


110 


Lb. 


2 , 447 


■ 1,693 


; 930 


635 


Lb. 


4,496 


; 2,811 


664 


549 


Lb. 


25 


■ H 


3 




Lb. 


0 


: / 


0 


w 


Lb. 


1,328 


830 


: 145 


100 


Lb. 


268,850 . 


165,014 


51,707 


44,155 



Lb. 


2,983 


3,544 


; 259 


370 


Lb. 


1 , 634 


1,333 


j 129 


121 


Lb. 


59 , 634 


66,5.24 . 


1 . 5,694 


7,079 


Lb. 


120 


3.5 


i. 17 


5 




14,417 


12,213 


;. 1,948 


1,925 


Lb. 


31,417 


37,912 


8,485 


10,299 


Lb. 


2,834 


5,428 


707 


1,438 



Value 



1936-37 



1,000 



Continued 



June 11, 1935 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



351 



UNITED STATES: Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural products, 

July- April 1936-37 and" 1937-38-Continued 



Commodity imported 

KjUI'UT Jj 1 1 X 1 V £j , UU1- 1 11" VZjV 




duiy- April a/ 


Unit 


Quantity • 


Value 




1 O 7£ 'T. "7 


1 QTJ 'ZQ ' 

Ldo r—oo • 


x s'oo— O f 


1 Q 1 ? 1 ) 7R 
X do f—OO 


ANIMALS Aim ANIMAL FRO LUC IS , CC.T ' 


D 






i , uuu 


X , uuu 


Meats and meat products, cont'd: • 




Thousands 


Thousands! 


dollars 


dollars 




Lb. 


1 , 327 


~\ *7 **7 /■* • 

l,^3b . 


380 


nor, 

39y 


Other meats- 












Canned, prepared, or preserved ] 


Lb. 
Lb. 


143 


G-dl ; 
151 : 


8o 
43 


140 
44 




Lb. 


114,970 


129,347 : 


17,748 


21,820 


Cam r» r \ f-9 <v , n — , 


LO. 


14,703 


11,838 : 


7,933 


6,909 


'Tsl 1 rvro ! 


T "h 
±j D. 


49,994 


1 , 625 : 


2,471 


77 


ii u j j. , uiuni a.. , excluding i ree < 














Lb. 


lut , OXX 


OO , COl | 




1 P AQ1 


VEGETABLE PRODUCTS: 












Coffee imported into Puerto P.ico 


Lb. 


o 


0 ! 


o 


o 


Cotton, unmfd: (478 lb. bale) \ 














Bale 


• 196 


123 


12 , 53 7 


7,422 




Bale 


• • - 48 


16 : 


1 ,008 


252 


Feeds and fodders: \ 












Beet pulp, dried (2,240 lb.) 


Ton 


52 


25 


1 , 3o5 


611 


Bran, shorts, etc.- (2,000 lb*) 














Tor- 
Ton 


297 
127 


23 
45 


6,997 
3, 056 


514 
1,124 


Total bran, shorts, etc. . 


Ton 


424 


63 


10.063 


1, 538 




Ton 


172 


22 


1,235 


170 


Oil cake and oil-cake meal- 
















91,276 


88,651 
8, 555 


891 
■550 


1,193 

88 




Lb. 


•50,413 




Lb. 


39 813 


9 2P? 


• -479 • 






Lb. 


74 706 




; 974 






Lb. 


22 , 075 


22,389 


• 270 


265 


Total oil cake and meal... 


Lo. 


278,283 


171, 715 . 


1 3,154 


2,272 


Frui t s : 












Dtmcsj nciT/uTcii s t?.t6, »•••••• 


Lu. 


6,030 


. .5,912 


; 401 


388 


Hll TT*P Ti 1" 


LO. 


5,947 


. . . .4„823 . 


\ 329 


282 






53,503 ■ 
6 , 330 . 


.48,690 
. ■ 5,846 


: .1,971 

\ - 434 


1,756 

395 




Lb. 




.Cu.f t. 
Lb. 


- .269 
. 1,133 


300 
. . 4,548 ■ 


I 345 

: . . . 37 


403 
141 




Lb. 


8,013 


. 6,351 


i . ' 225 


159 


Pineapples- 












Prepared or preserved- 




. . d/ . 


' : ' d/ 


450 


286 


Product of the Philippine Is 


. Lb. 


.10,535 


. .20,737 


456 


935 


Other prepared or preserved- Lb. 


10,117 


14,127. 


... 471 


725 



Continued - 



352 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol 36, No. 23 



UNITED STATES: 



Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural products, 
July-April 1936-37 and 1937^38-Continued 



Commodity imported ! 

C OMPETITIVE. CONTINUED j Unit 

VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, CONTINUED: j 
Emits, continued : j 

Raisins ■ Lb. 

Olives in "brine- ! 

Green or ripe (not pitted)...! Gal. 

Pitted or stuffed ; Gal. 

Total olives in "brine • Gal. 

Grains and grai n products : • 

Barley, grain (48 lb.) j Bu. 

Barley malt : Lb. 

Corn, grain (56 lb.).... : Bu. 

Oats, grain (32 lb.) : Bu. 

Rice- ; 

Uncleaned ; Lb. 

Cleaned or milled .»••«; Lb. 

Patna | Lb. 

Meal, flour, and broken. .... Lb. 

Rye, grain (56 lb.) j Bu. 

Wheat, grain- (60 lb. bu.) : 

Dutiable at 42 cents per bu. : Bu. 

Dutiable at ICffo ad valorem e/i Bu. 
Milled in bond for export- • 

To Cuba ; Bu. 

To other countries • Bu. 

Total wheat grain j Bu. 

Wheat flour (196 lb.) j Bbl. 

Wheat, including flour .'• Bu. 

Hops : Lb. 

Nuts and preparations... : 

Oils, vegetable : ; 

Coconut oil Lb. 

Corn oil j Lb. 

Cottonseed oil ■ Lb. 

Linseed oil ■ Lb. 

Olive oil, edible ....j Lb. 

Olive oil, inedible .: Lb. 

Palmkernel oil : Lb. 

Palm oil • ■ Lb. 

Peanut oil • Lb. 

Perilla oil j Lb. 

Rapeseed oil j Gal. 

Soybean oil I Lb. 

Sunflower seed oil : Lb. 

Tung oil ' Lb. 



July-April a/ 



Quantity 



1936-37 



Thousands 
586 

2,607 
_2^92L_ 



5,538 



14 , 000 
354 , 731 
55,541 
145 

10,835 
15,874 

3,315 
111,865 

3,942 

28,212 
3,994 

3,379 
7.906 



43,491 

40 



43.577 



10,610 
4/ 

261,625 
27,715 
127,813 
272 
48,925 
33,773 
49,876 
284,960 
22,296 
42,337 
3,248 
7,083 
11,784 
115,773 



1937-38 



Thousands 
496 

2,344 
■ 2 r 013. 



4,357 



1,175 
154,359 
34,372 

5,442 
6,909 
1,561 

' 80,682 
\l 

598 
4 

1,134 
1.553 



3,289 
20 



3.383 



8,537 



288,815 
20,926 
52,346 
218 
47,368 
12,007 
58,048 
327,006 
21,133 
36,426 
' 930 
10,851 
10 

117,555 



Value 



1936-37 



1,000 
dollars 
47 

1,462 
2.44 2 



3 ,904 



12,463 
9,484 
29,237 
61 

320 
453 
98 
1,939 
2,545 

28,826 
3,261 

3,506 
7, 484 



43,077 
192 



43.269 



3,268 
16,427 

12,456 
2,029 
7,343 
14 
7,134 
2,841 
2,794 
9,633 
1,337 
2,647 
1,531 
418 
747 
14,485 



1937-38 



1,000 
dollars 
56 

1,533 
l t 973 



3,506 



1,010 
4,874 
24,889 



173 
213 
47 
1,523 

\l 

748 
4 

1,422 
1.870 



4,044 
104 



. 4,148 



2,383 
14,314 

14,267 
1,231 
2,961 
13 
7,616 
1,169 
3,958- 
13,191 
1,339 
2,038 
411 
620 
1 

14,062 



Continued - 



June 11, 1938 Foreign Crops and Markets 353 



".:i:zr states: 



Imports (for consumption) of principal agricultural products, 
July-April 1936-37 and 1937-38-Continued 



July-April a / 



Commodity imported ; 

C OMPET I TIVS . CONTINUED \ Unit 

VEGETABLE PRODUCTS, CONTINUED: [7 
Cilseeds : j 

Castor beans j Lb« 

Copra | Lb. 

Flaxseed (56 lb.) : Bu. 

Palm nuts and kernels Lb • 

Sesame seed • ; Lb. 

Soybeans , ; Lb* 

Seeds, except oilseeds ; 

Sugar and molass^ sj j 

Sugar (2,0C0 lb.) j Ton 

Molasses- ! 

From Philippine Islands : Gal. 

Unfit for human consumption ! C-al. 

Other molasses : G-al. 

Total molasses \ G-al. 

Tobacco, unmanufactured : : 

Leaf • Lb. 

Product of the Philippine Is. ; Lb. 

Stems, not cut j Lb. 

Tobacco scrap • Lb. 

Vegetables: j 
Beans- : 

Dried j Lb. 

Green or unripe : Lb. 

Chickpeas or garbanzos, dried...: Lb. 

Garlic : Lb. 

Onions : Lb. 

Peas, except cowp's & chickp's- '; 

Dried .....j Lb. 

Green ; .: Lb. 

Potatoes, white i Lb. 

Tapioca, erode, flour, and prep ! Lb. 

Tomatoes, fresh : Lb. 

Turnips [ Lb. 

Vegetables, canned : Lb. 

Fibers, v egetable: (2,240 lb. ton) \ 

Flax, unmanufactured | Ton 

Hemp, unmanufactured i Ton 

Jute and jute butts, unmfd ! Ton 

Total principal competitive j 
agricultural products • 



Quantity 



1936-37 : 1937-38 



Value 



1936-37 



1937-38 



Thousands 
123,622 
318,343 
19,772 
44,152 
18,099 
965 
d/ 

2,352 

0 

230,273 
17 ,582 



247,95 5 



50,073 
2,118 
2,114 
1,971 



46 , 931 
4,748 

10,002 
5,378 
3,676 

1,131 

5,329 
76,573 

313,116 
82,442 

129,999 
56,363 

5 
1 

73 



Thousands 



128,881 
481,552 
16,221 
52,191 
3,555 
159 
oj 

2,297 

0 

190,019 
5,5 81 



1,000 
dollars 
2,899 
8,751 
24,507 
1,036 
626 
18 
7,829 

129,712 



11,131 
2.415 



196,700 



13,547 



48,127 
4,804 
2,630 
2,323 



13,637 
6,845 
8,199 
1,781 
3,171 

3,082 
2,507 
39,138 
277, 758 
54,645 
114,300 
48,453 



k/ 



76 



25,187 
197 

66 
567 



1,456 
131 
397 
197 
79 

41 
320 
1,454 
5,772 
1,943 
912 
2,303 

2,157 
262 

6,001 



1,000 
dollars 
2,972 
12,878 
21,765 
1,515 
159 
4 

5,508 
110,418 



10,145 
1 . 073 



11,218 



25,225 
510 
91 
680 



549 
189 
341 
76 
52 

125 
122 
481 
5,474 
1,428 
815 
2,249 

1,282 
119 

6,196 



618,698 



453,756 



Con 



tinued - 



354 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



UNITED STATES: 



Imports (for consmirpt 
July-April 1936-37 



ion) of principal agricultural products, 
and 1937-38-Continuod 



July- Apr il &/ 



Commodity imported 
NONCOMPETITIVE 



• Unit 



1936-37 



Quantity 



■1926-37 



1937-38 



ANIMAL PRODUCTS : \ 

Silk, raw j Lb. 

Wool, unmanufactured, free in j 

bond for manufacture ' , . . \ Lb. 

VEGETABLE PRODUCTS: I 

Bananas ■ ', Bunch. 

Coffee, except through the port i 

of Puerto Pico « Lb. 

Cocoa or ca,cao beans ; Lb. 

Tea ....j Lb. 

Spices : Lb. 

Drugs, herbs, roots, etc ; 

Fibers, vegetab le i (2,240 lb. ton); 

Kapok, unmanufactured j Ton ' 

Manila, unmanufactured '. Ton 

Sisal and he ne que n, unmfd I Ton 

Rubber, crud e; \ 

Milk of, or latex .• Lb. 

Guayule .* Lb . 

Other crude rubber : Lb. 

Total rubber, crude • Lb. 

Total principal agrlcultura.l- j 

Noncompetitive products j 

Competitive products ! 

TOTAL PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL ! 
PRODUCTS ! 

TOTAL AGRI CULTURAL PRODUCTS ■ 

TOTAL IMPORTS, ALL COMMODITIES ..j 



Thousand s : 
56,765 

156,951 

49 ,*833 

1,502,478 
593,270 
78,205 
132,937 

14 
27 
101 

39,149 
3 ,242 
934.327 



Thousands 
42,357 

■ 64,380 

'51,214 



1£15,217 

413,134 
75,136 
'69,161 
§J 

5 

. . .27 
. 107 

36,784 
.6,199 
L.Q56 , 762 



. 1,000 
dollars 
97,273 

34,337 

24,179 

124; 776 
43,065 
16,490 
11,571 
6,101 

3,635 
4,107 
11,378 

6,694 
388 
152.562 



976.718 



1.09 9 746 



159 , 644 



536,556 
618.698 



3+ 155.254 



I, 000 
dollars 

74,123 

18,049 

24,262 

111 , 877 
26,804 
17,145 
8,070 
8,239 

1,294 
4,761 

II, 844 

6,694 
765 
178.017 



185.476 



491,944 
463.766 



955 . 710 



1,229,547 
2,335,949 



3,013,397 
2,036, 398 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 
aj Corrected to June 2, 1938. ' ...... 

b7 Less than 500. 

Sj Excludes the weight of "Other hides and skins," which are reported in 

pieces only. 

d/ Reported in value only. 

§_/ Unfit for human consumption. 



ure 11, 1938 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



355 



UNITED STATES: Exports (domestic) of specified agricultural, products, 
January-April 1S37 and 1938, and April 1937 and 1938 a/ 



Commodity exported 



Unit 


January- April 


An 


ril 














1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 






T TVi mi ^riri d ^ 


Thousands 


Thousands 


Lb. 


■ 931 


2,464 


191 


429 


Lb. 


11,543 


15,426 


3,970 


4,402 


Lb. 


29,040 * 


68 .292 


8,290 


15 , 508 


Bu. 


1,191 ' 


\ 3,921 


504 


1,296 


Tin 
_ - » 


55 


58,760 


A 
*± 


on OAQ 


T l-i 
_ - > 


3,923 


7 ,493 




J. , < U^i 


Lb. 


25,943 


79.774 


2,581 


14,002 


Lb. 


120 


234 


' 7 


206 


— I . 


270 


32 ,234 


1 "V7 
LO < 


p. Ren 


•DUX. 


461 


1,226 


J.C.Q 


LAO 


Bu. 


2,415 


4,934 


316 


851 


Lb. 


11,254 


15,412 


498 


987 


Box 


1,027 ' 


2 , 580 


317 


1 ,077 


Box 


326 


337 


" 74 


96 


Lb. 


7,159 


3,575 


334 


837 


Lb. ; 


6,236 


5,807 


987 


1,812 


Lb. 


59,321 * 


72,462 


11,872 


16,023 


Lb. 


39,024 ' 


32,786 


6,199 


5,722 


Lb. 


28,002 


25,203 


5,962 


2,778 


Lb. 


66,314 


106,194 


11,197 


15,317 


Lb. 


21,137 


' 17,714 


8,731 


5,775 


Lb. . 




• 14,348 


3,145 


4.225 


Lb. • 


102.590 ' ' 


133.256 


23,073 


25.317 


Bale ' 


1,866 " 


1,849 


373 


377 



^acon , , 

Hams and shoulders b/ 
Lard, including neutral 



Grains and prepar ations: 

Barley (48 lb.) 

Corn (56 lb.) 

Bice- 

Baddy or rough 

Milled, incl. brown 

Flour, meal, etc . 

Wheat- 
Grain (60 lb.) 

Flour, wholly of United 

States wheat (196 lb.) .... 

Fruits : 

Fresh- 
Apples c/ 
Bears .... 
Oranges . . 
Grapefruit 

Dried- 
Apples . . . 
Apricots . 
Brunes ... 
Baisins . . 

Canned pears 



Tobacco leaf ; 

Bright flue-cured 

Dark- fired Kentucky and 

Tennessee 

Other leaf 

Total leaf tobacco ... 
Cotton, excl. linters 

(Running bales) 



a/ Corrected to June 2, 1938. b/ Includes Cumberland and Wiltshire sides, 
c/ Includes baskets, boxes, and barrels in terms of bushels. 



356 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



UNITED STATES: Imports (for consumption) of specified agricultural products, 
January-April 1937 and 1938, and April 1937 and 1938 a/ 



Commodity imported 


Unit 


January-April 


April 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


Animals, live: if": 




Thousands 


Thousands 


Thousands 


Thousands 


Cattle, dutiable ("by weight )- 












Less than 175 pounds each,. 


No. 


28 


21 


10 


8 


175 pounds to 700 pounds each 


i No. 


89 


117 


31 


67 


700 pounds or more, each- 




, , — . 






V 
14 


Cows for dairy purposes.. ■■ 


No. ■ 
No. .. 


. -.2. 
79,., 


' 2 ' 
38 


l' 
14 


Total cattle (dutiable) 


No. 


198 


178 


56 


89 


oattle, tree (.for breeding).. 


No. 


4 


2 


1 


1 


nogs ^ except ior breeding ) . . . 

■R-nff OT . 


Lb . 
Lb . 


5,810 
8,970 


21 
' '837 


565 
1,130 


2 

152 


L"| ^ M « _ 

unee s e ; 














Lb . 


4,227 


4,356 


1,189 


1,332 


f" T« /— . J J ri <y| 


Lo . 


2., 197 


799 


335 


204 




Lb. 


15,007 


11,340 


3,841 


3,728 




Lb. 


21,431 


' 16.495 


5.365 


5.264 


Eggs & egg products, dried .... 


T V 

Lb. , 


3 , 106 


555 


829 


32 


jLggs <3: egg products, irozen,etc. 

ivl c cL U b . 


Lb . 


794 


287 


215 


46 


MOOT CI VI rl ttqq! -pY»/~\r»V» 


JjD . 


1,390 


609 


222 


117 


•oscx , oainicu., moil cornea.. . . 


T T-i 


22,253 


21,178 


10,446 


.8,940 




T T-v 
JjD . 


7,123 


1,906 


1 ,578 


183 


rfci TTl C cVir^in 1 ("love o Y1 rl "K ra r» /*\ v-i 
.QcuUb , bilu U.J.U.CJL fa, d-IlCL UaCOH . . 


JjD • 


16,307 


15,397 


3,251 


A a r\ Ci 

4,498 


Tal 1 nw 


T "h 
XjD . 


5,778 


'669 ' 


3,050 




Woo] cl 

(Its i n q • 


T."h 


99,965 


'6,388 


20,422 


1 ,258 


Hnrn ( 1 "h ^ 


x)U . 


29 , 732 


200 


6 , 211 


55 


f)st<; f^? Ill ^ ' 


±SU • 


41 


5 


6 


w 




Bu. 


207 


0 


0 


, 0 




Bu. 


6,031 


5 


1,091 


1 




Lb.. 


175,058 


37,516 


47 , 157 


7,894 


Oilseeds: 














Lb. 


141,453 


172,697 


9,338 


41,651 




Bu. 


11,230 


5,743 


2,280 


■ .1,024 


Oils, vegetable: 














Lb . 


112,422 


120,820 


33,937 


28,612 


Palm 


; Lb. 


111,998 


97,680 


. 30 , 444 


' 22,304 




: Lb. 


5 , 604 . 


10,973 


3,393 


2,552 




Lb. 

Ton 
Gal. 


64,261 
1,354 
104,955 


38,667 
! 1,066 
71,988 


• 19,508 
: 460 
' 40,049 


10 , 621 
285 
i 23,625 



Compiled from official records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 
a/ Corrected to June 2, 1938. b/ Less than 500. c/ Excludes wool imported 
free in bond for use in carpets, etc. d/ Includes only wheat full duty paid 
and 10 percent ad valorem. 



June 11, 1938 



Foreign Crops and Market: 



357 



WHEAT: Closing Saturday prices of July futures 



Date 


Chicago 


Kansas City 


Minneapoli s; 


Winnipeg a/ 


Liverpool a, 


/ Buenos 
Aires 0/ 




1937 


1938 




1935 


1937 


1935 : 


1937 


1 935 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


High c/. 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cent? 


Cents 


Cents: 


Cen fcs 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


130 


83 


125 


78 


142 


92 : 


145 


116 


154 


103 


126 


d/ 99 


Low cf . . 


107 


69 


105 


65 


119 


75 : 


115 


90 


132 


85 


117 


d/ 75 


May 14. . 


118 


78 


115 


75 


127 


85 


130 


105 


138 


97 


120 


e/ 92 


21.. 


122 


77 


119 


73 


132 


83 : 


133 


104 


143 


95 


120 


e/ 88 


28.. 


113 


69 


110 


65 


125 


75 i 


123 


90 


140 


86 


122 


81 


June 4. . 


i:? 


72 


105 


69 


119 


81 ! 


115 


102 


132 


89 


120 


79 



other prices, cj April 1 to June 4, 1938, and corresponding 
d/ June and July futures, e/ June futures. 



-e of day previous to 
dates for 1937. 



77EZAT: Weekly weighted average cash price at stated markets 





All classes 


Ho. 


2 


Ho . 




Ho. 2 


Hard 


-.0 . 


2 


Western 


Week 


and grades 


Hard 1 


Uinter 


Dk.iT. Spring 


Amber 


'Durum 


Bed Winter 


White 


ended 


six markets 


Kansas City 


Minneapolis 


Minneapoli s 


St. L 


Duis 


Seattle a/ 




1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1938 


High h/. 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


146 


88 


144 


86 


170 


115 


164 


101 


145 


85 


122 


82 


Low "bT". . 


124 


75 


127 


70 


139 


95 


117 


75 


125 


70 


110 


73 


May 14. . 


130 


85 


130 


82 


145 


106 


128 


89 


131 


80 


112 


79 


21.. 


132 


83 


132 


82 


147 


104 


130 


89 




78 


118 


77 


28. . 


' 131 


79 


130 


77 


146 


101 


128 


84 


132 


74 


115 


73 


June 4.. 


124 


75 


127 


70 


139 


95 


117 


75 


125 


70 


110 





a/ Weekly average of daily cash quotations, ua 
June 4, 1938 and corresponding dates for 1937. 



April 9 to 



CAKADA: Condition of specified crops, May 31, 1933-1938 
(100 = the long-time average yield per acre) 



Crop 


1933 


1934 


1935 


1936 


1937 


1938 




: Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 






45 


83 


95 


■96 


96 






79 


97 


95 


85 


99 


All wheat 


! 99 


78 


97 


96 


"85 


99 






85 


94 


93 


90 


97 






83 


95 


93 


93 


96 






59 


j 99 


84 


69 


98 






75 


i 97 


93 


83 


99 






63 


'. 99 


86 


73 


98 






89 


92 


92 


92 


99 



Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Ottawa. 



358 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



PEED GRAINS AMD RYE: Weekly average price per bushel of corn, rye, 
oa ts, and barl ey at leading markets a/ 





Corn 


Rye 


Oats 


Barl ey 


Week 


Chicago 


Bueno s Aires 


Minneapolis 


Chicago 


Minneapolis 


ended 


No. 3 

Yellow 


Futures 


Futures 


No. 2 


No. 3 

White 


_ No. 2 




1937 


1938 


1937 




1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 


1937 


1938 




Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Qgnts 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cent s 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


High b/. . . . 


138 


61 


133 


62 


58 


68 


117 


77 


55 


34 


137 


83 


Low b_7 


108 


55 


105 
July 


56 
July 


48 
July 


61 
June 


105 


51 


49 


28 


80 


57 




138 
130 


58 
59 


119 
117 


59 
59 


55 
55 


65 
64 


110 
105 


59 
60 


53 
. 51 


29 
30 


122 
117 


73 
72 


14 


2 o « » » » i o 


137 
135 


59 
57 


120 
123 


59 
57 


755 
57 


67 
53 


110 
111 


58 
56 


: 52 
: 52 


30 
28 


109 

96 


66 
63 


June 4 .... , 


128 


55 


122 


56 


55 


61 


105 


51 


; so 


28 


80 


57 



a/ Cash prices are weighted averages of reported sales; future prices are simple- 
averages of daily quotations, b/ For period January 1 to latest date shown. 

FEED GRAINS: Movement from principal exporting countries 



Commodity 
and 
country 



for year 


week ended a/ 


as reported 


1935-36 


1936-37 


May 21 


May 28 


June 4 


July 1 
to 


1936-37 

b/ 


1937-38 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushel s 


1,000 
bushels 


1,000 
bushels 


May 28 
April 30 
June 4 
June 4 


1,000 
bushel s 


1,000 
bushels 


9,886 
6,882 
9,994 
41,090 


5,153 
18,880 
14,668 
26,315 


24 

23 
83 


29 

9 
58 


96 
283 


5,123 
16,541 

14,505 
25.612 


9,915 
11,308 

9,439 
19.667 


67,852 


65, 016 










61,781 


50,329 


1,429 
15,615 
10,855 

1,390 


912 
10,690 
24,600 

940 


27 
0 

_ 0 


2 

200 
0 


372 

0 


May 28 
April 30 
June 4 
June 4 


748 
9,298 
22,270 

810 


9,793 
7+194 ; 
28,425 
160 


29,289 


37,142 










33,126 


45,572 


857 
14,321 
297.337 

10 f 239 


432 

401,722 
23,146 


5,577 

583 
984 

0 


4,822 

789 
780 
0 


720 
2,338 

0 


Oct.l to 
May 28 
June 4 
June 4 
June 4 


275 
21 , 207 

274,629 
4 t 594 


82,324 
6,867 

83,383 
20, 958 _ 

193,532 


322. 814 


451,135 










300,705 


21,089 


103,643 








April 30 


48,547 


1,709 



as far 



BARLEY, EXPORTS: c/ 
United States. 

Canada 

Argentina 

Danube & U.S.S 
Total 



OATS, EXPORTS: 
United States. 

Canada 

Argentina .... 
Danube & U.S.S 

Total 

CORN, EXPORTS: 
United States. 
Danube & U.S.S 
Argentina. 
South Africa. » 

To bsl .boo.... 
United States 

imoorts .»,,.. 



R. 

7 



R. 



Compiled from official and trace sources, a/ The weeks shown in these columns are 
nearest to the date shown. b_/ Preliminary, c/ Year beginning July 1. d/ Year 
beginning October 1. 



June 11 , 1935 



Foreign Crops and Markets 



359 



EXCHANGE PATES: Average weekly and monthly values in New York of 
specified currencies, Juno 4. 1^55, with comparisons s J 



Country 







Month 




Ueek ended 


i/onet°rv 
unit 


1935 


.1937 , 


1938 


1938 




May 


; : Mar . 


Apr. 


May 


May 
21 


May 
28 


June 
4 




Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Cents 


Paper peso . 


33.11 


32.93 


33.23 


33.21 


33.12 


33.11 


32.97 


32.93 


Dollar 


99.81 


100.15 


99.72 


99.45 


99.18 


99.12 


98.87 


98.89 


Shang. yuan 


29.59 


29.80 


28.22 


26.91 


23.80 


2^ • o o 


22.51 


21.14 


Kro ne 


22.18 


22.05 


22.25 


22.24 


22.17 


22.16 


22.08 


22.08 


Pound 


496.97 


493.99 


498.45 


493.12 


496.73 


496.45 


494.56 


494.66 


Franc 


6.59 


4.48 


3.12 


3.10 


2.81 


2.79 


2.77 


2.77 


Peichsmark. 


40.28 


40.17 


40.24 


40.20 


40.16 


40.15 


40.10 


40.14 


Lira 


7.86 


5. 26 


5.26 


5.26' 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


5.26 


Yen 


29.08 


28.78 


28.86 


29.01 


28.94 


28.92 


28.81 


28.81 


Peso 


27.76 


27.75 


25. 60 


23.11 


22.27 


22.51 


21.15 


21.08 


Guilder. . . . 


.67.63 


54.94 


55.56 


55.55 


55.35 


55.31 


55.13 


55.17 


Krone 


24.97 


24.82 


25.04 


25.03 


24.96 


" 24.94 


24.85 


24.85 


Krona 


25.62 


25.46 


25.67 


25.67 


25.60 


25.59 


25.50 


25.50 


Franc 


32.39 


22.87 


23.04 


22.99 


22. 8-, 


22.82 


22. 77 


22.77 



Argentina. . 

Canada 

China 

Denmark. . . . 
England. . . . 

France 

Germany. . . . 

Italy 

Japan 

Mexico 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Sweden 

Switzerland 



Federal Reserve Board 



ej Noon buying rates for cable transfers. 



WHEAT, INCLUDING FLOUR: Shipments from principal' exporting countries, 
as giver, by mvrer.t trp.rle r.mirp.^ ., 1S35-56_tn 1937-33 



Total 



Shipments 1936, 



Shipments 



Country 


shipments 


week ended 


July 1- 


-June 4 


1935-36 


1935-37 


May 21. May 28 


June 4 


i 19.36-37; 


1937-33 




1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1 ,000 


I ,'000 


: 1,000 j 


1,000 




bushe 1 s 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


bushels 


: bushels' 


bushels 




220,464 


225,902 


3,224 


5,047 


3,862 


•'216 , 464 


170,9 77 


Canada, 4 markets b/... 


246,199 


194,531 


1,518 


1,667 


4,260 


185,579 


82,654 




7,219 


10,049 
164,678 
105,835 
88 


1,460 
1,328 
2,868 
88 


1,208 

' ' 716 
2,679 
248 




d/8,577 


dj? 6,851 
61 , 089 

116,765 
40,528 




78,312 
110,576 
29,024 


1,425 
2,022 
160 


160,042 
97,404 
88 




U.S.S.P ' ..... 


Danube and Bulgaria §_/. 


8,312 


65,544 


360 


152 


176 


62,896 


i 36,008 


British 


tl 


tJ 














2.556 


14.674 


0 


72 


576 


9.528 


1 13,234 




449 . 244 


575. 722 








546,422 


438 . 601 


Total European 












h/ : 


h/ 




360.274 


454,600 


5,464 






434.070. 


354.752 


Total ex-European 












h/ i 


h/ 




131,760 


127,192 


2,544 






114.608 


67,152 



Compiled from official and trade sources, a/ Broomhall's Corn Trade News, 
b/ Fort William, Port Arthur, Vancouver, Prince Rupert, and New Westminster. 
cj Cfficial reports received from 15 principal ports, only, d/ To May 28. 
ej Black Sea shipments only, fj Official, gj Total of trade figures includes 
North America as reported by Broomhall. hj To May 21. 



36o 



Foreign Crops arid "Markets 



Vol. 36, No. 23 



Index 



Page 

Late cables 3^1 



Agricultural exports, principal 

commodities, U.S., 

April 193S... 3I4.5-3U9, 355 

Agricultural imports, principal 

commodities, U.S., 

April 1938 3^5,350,356 

Apples, exports, U.S., 

July-April 1937-38 3HU 

Barley: 

Area: 

Czechoslovakia (spring), 

1937.193S, * « ykl 

England, 1937, 193^ , 3^3 

France, 1937,1938 3>41 

Condi tion : 

Canada, May 31 and 

June 7, 1933 3^2,357 

England, May 15, 193S 3^3 

Import prospects (malting), 

U.K. , 1932 

Exchange rates, foreign, 

June k, 1938 359 

Fruit, condition, England, 

June 1, 1938 

Grains : 

Condition: 

Argentina, June 1, 1938 3^2 

Canada, May 31 and 

June 7, 193S ^2,357 



3U3 



3UU 



. :• Page 
Grains, cont'd.: 

Movement (feed), principal 

countries, June k, 1938 35^ 

Prices (feed), principal 

markets, June' k, 193S 35 s 

Oats: 

Area, France, 1937,19^3 3U1 

Condition, Canada, May 31 and 

June 7, 1938 3^2,357 

Pork, import quota, U.K., 

July- September 1938. ........... . jkk 

Potatoes, area, Czechoslovakia, 

1937,1938 3^1 

Rye : 

Area, France, 1937,1938 3^1 

Condition, Canada, May 31 and 

June 7, 19"^8 3^2,357 

Prices, U.S., June k, 1938 35 s 

Sugar "beets, area, 

Czechoslovakia, 1937,1933 3^1 

Wheat: 

Area, France, 1937,1938... 3^1 

Condition: 

Argentina, June 1, . 1938. 3^2 

Canada, May 31 and 

June 7, 1938 31+2,3.57 

Flour admixture, Italy, 1933.... 3^2 
Prices, specified markets, 

June k t ' 1938.... 357 

Shipments, -principal countries, 

June H, 1938../. 359